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infertilityThere are many reasons for infertility - one in every ten couples of reproductive age is affected by this discomfort. It's also true that more than half succeed in their efforts to conceive after a reasonable period of time. Infertility is a daunting condition that can affect not only your private life, but your social life as well. It affects some people so deeply that they resign themselves to the prospect of never conceiving and seek counselling. It's even worse if your friends start falling pregnant and having a second or third child while you're still on your 7th cycle of IVF treatment.


Among the many reasons for infertility we can distinguish two major types:

  • Primary infertility, meaning the couple is having difficulties conceiving for the first time, and
  • Secondary infertility, meaning the couple has conceived in the past, but is having difficulties conceiving again.

Male infertility

Male infertility is rarely related to hormonal issues, it could be caused by sperm deficiencies, testicular injury, genetic disorders or illnesses related to alcohol or drug abuse.

Female infertility

However, female infertility is mainly caused by hormonal dysfunctions. It is caused by an irregular cycle, the lack of ovulation or the sperm antibodies the female body is producing. Other reasons for infertility can be caused by endometriosis (a condition described by the womb tissue growing on the ovaries), but mostly, infertility is related to a condition called Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS), an endocrine gland disorder.

It can also be related to thyroid problems, hyperprolactinemia (the excess of the hormone prolactin), the propensity of developing thrombosis, a pituitary gland deficiency, diabetes or a stressful lifestyle. If you have been trying to conceive for over a year and you are over 35 years old, try finding out for yourself if you are having fertility problems.

  • Use our ovulation calendar to track your cycle and locate accurately your ovulation day.
  • Use our interactive fertility chart to track your temperature and symptoms in order to detect fertility levels and ovulation periods.
  • Use an OPK (Ovulation Predictor Kit) in order to detect your ovulation day.

It's also helpful to revise your lifestyle. Are you leading a healthy way of living? Take our short, 8 question test and find out where you can improve your lifestyle and raise your fertility levels by reading our article on Conception tips.

If you find no signs of fertility over a few months, consider seeking medical advice from your gynaecologist or endocrinologist in order to find a suitable ovulation-induction treatment or a hormonal treatment as one of the ways to increase fertility. One of the treatments, mostly accepted all over the world, is in vitro fertilisation, or IVF. Apart from putting a highly strict and severe pressure on your lifestyle, by being a combination of aggressive hormones and lifestyle restrictions, IVF is highly expensive as well.

If the medical diagnosis can't bring any prospect of good news, maybe it's better to seek advice and support from specific communities or organisations such as Infertility Network UK, a charity organisation dedicated to support people with this condition and to consider alternatives, such as adoption or surrogacy.